Indiana Jones and the Temple of Doom is a 1984 American adventure film directed by Steven Spielberg. It is the second installment in the Indiana Jones franchise and a prequel to the 1981 film Raiders of the Lost Ark. _
_Is this a sequel or a prequel to 'Raiders of the Lost Ark'?
It is a prequel. It's the second movie in the series, but the events in the movie are set in 1935, about a year before those in Raiders of the Lost Ark, which was set in 1936. A title at the beginning of Temple of Doom confirms this when it reads "Shanghai, 1935."